DeMayo Law Offices have provided you with a legal dictionary so that you can better understand some of the legal vocabulary used throughout our website and during your personal injury claim.
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Technical Errors – Errors committed during a trial that have not prejudiced the losing party’s rights and therefore are not grounds for reversal on appeal.
Testimony – Evidence delivered by a witness at trial either orally at trial or in the written form of an affidavit or deposition.
Third-Party Lawsuit – In workers’ compensation law, when an injury is caused by the act or failure to act of a party other than the employer, that party is the “third-party,” and the injured worker may file a lawsuit against that party. An example of a third-party lawsuit in a workplace injury would be a products liability suit against the manufacturer of a defective tool.
Tort-Feasor – One who commits a tort.
Tortious – Having the quality of a tort; the wrongdoer.
Total Disability – A work-related injury that results in a complete loss of earning power. In a workers’ compensation case, this may also be the phrase used to describe the compensation paid when an injured employee is totally impaired due to a work-related injury. Benefits at the total disability rate are generally two-thirds of wages up to a maximum compensation rate.
Transcript – Official written copy of proceedings in a case, including hearings, depositions, and trial. Usually made by a court reporter.
Traumatic Brain Injury – An insult to the brain caused by an external physical force that may produce a diminished or altered state of consciousness that results in an impairment of cognitive abilities or physical functioning and/or a disturbance of behavioral or emotional functioning.
Trespasser – In civil law, a person who enters land without invitation, permission or privilege.
Trial – The judicial examination and determination of issues between the parties to an action.