Legal Dictionary T

DeMayo Law Offices have provided you with a legal dictionary so that you can better understand some of the legal vocabulary used throughout our website and during your personal injury claim.

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Technical Errors – Errors committed during a trial that have not prejudiced the losing party’s rights and therefore are not grounds for reversal on appeal.

Tender – An offer of money.

Testate – A person who has made a will or who has died leaving a will.

Testify – To give evidence as a witness under oath.

Testimony – Evidence delivered by a witness at trial either orally at trial or in the written form of an affidavit or deposition.

Third-Party Benefits – In insurance law, third-party benefits refer to the amount of available coverage that the at-fault party has for bodily injury and property damage.

Third-Party Lawsuit – In workers’ compensation law, when an injury is caused by the act or failure to act of a party other than the employer, that party is the “third-party,” and the injured worker may file a lawsuit against that party. An example of a third-party lawsuit in a workplace injury would be a products liability suit against the manufacturer of a defective tool.

Thrombotic Stroke – Occurs when a blood clot forms in an artery and blocks blood flow to the brain.

Tinnitus – A ringing or roaring sound in one or both ears.

Tort – In civil law , generally, a wrong or injury committed against a person or property. A tort does not include breach of contract.

Tort-Feasor – One who commits a tort.

Tortious – Having the quality of a tort; the wrongdoer.

Total Disability – A work-related injury that results in a complete loss of earning power. In a workers’ compensation case, this may also be the phrase used to describe the compensation paid when an injured employee is totally impaired due to a work-related injury. Benefits at the total disability rate are generally two-thirds of wages up to a maximum compensation rate.

Total Loss – In a vehicle context, when the cost of repairs is more than the value of the vehicle. This term gives rise to the common term “totaled.”

Transcript – Official written copy of proceedings in a case, including hearings, depositions, and trial. Usually made by a court reporter.

Traumatic Brain Injury – An insult to the brain caused by an external physical force that may produce a diminished or altered state of consciousness that results in an impairment of cognitive abilities or physical functioning and/or a disturbance of behavioral or emotional functioning.

Trespasser – In civil law, a person who enters land without invitation, permission or privilege.

Trial – The judicial examination and determination of issues between the parties to an action.

Trial Calendar – List maintained by the clerk of court or the trial judge of cases awaiting trial, which includes trial dates, names of attorneys representing parties, and other such information.

Trial Court – The first court to hear the case, as opposed to an appellate court which hears appeals of decisions made in trial courts.

Tribunal – A court of law or the whole body of judges who comprise a jurisdiction.

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